The associated press stylebook and briefing on media law official style guide of the associated press, a notforprofit news agency thats been around since 1846. Legislative titles titles numerals state names punctuation guide composition titles. The following guidance went out on the ap wire wednesday. Cite state codes and legal statutes in apa style for college research or professionally written papers and reports. Ap style is simply a standardized way of writing everything from dates to street addresses to job titles. All of the types of legislative vehicles discussed above may be referred to as measures. Ap style is designed to address the challenges of the organizations large size and readership. At bka, we prefer ap style, which is a standard in journalism. Apa style is a method of citing references developed 80 years ago by the american psychological association and is designed to augment a straightforward, precision approach to academic and professional. If youre new to news writing or switching from one to another, youll want to keep this ap cheat sheet handy and. In 49 states the separate bodies are a senate and a house or assembly. Although the rules seem to change as often as i eat a shameful amount of candy read. Apa citation style by type of document toggle dropdown. Oct 31, 2014 the associated press has compiled a list of u.
However, italicized type could not be sent over associated press teletypes and isnt supported by the computer programs in use today. Spell out the names of the 50 states when they stand alone in. A guide to style and usage congressional budget office. The associated press stylebook provides an az guide to issues such as capitalization, abbreviation, punctuation, spelling, numerals and many other questions of language usage. The chicago manual of style, the style manual of record for book publishers, calls for generally spelling out numbers up to one hundred, but the associated press stylebook, which.
Alaska, hawaii, idaho, iowa, maine, ohio, texas and utah are always. How to cite us government documents in apa citation style. For example, the arkansas and colorado legislatures are considering the amendment. This section can be used as a primer and a quick reference, not a. Its often used by news organizations, magazines, and web publications, but brands often use it to form the basis of their own style guides, too. Before we begin to enlist the abbreviations, it is mandatory for one to learn and garner information about what ap is, with. Spell out and lowercase representative and senator in all other uses. Oct 30, 2015 remember back in college when you had to keep track of all the different ap rules for your student newspaper on top of the chicago manual of style for your academic classes. Title if relevant, bill or resolution number, xxx cong.
State abbreviations spell out the names of all the states when they stand alone, but abbreviate most state names when used with a city. May 23, 2009 spell out other legislative titles in all uses. Names of specific amendments to the us constitution are capitalized, but whether words or numerals are used to indicate them is contingent on which authority is used. Abbreviations abbreviate junior or senior after a name, but dont use a comma. We are discussing a possible change to our guidance on the possessive form of singular proper names ending in s.
Election terminology, writing with context and cliches to avoid are included. Remember back in college when you had to keep track of all the different ap rules for your student newspaper on top of the chicago manual of style for your academic classes. In this quick guide to state abbreviations, i will cover the differences between ap style and chicago style and just to prolong your state of confusionwhen to use the common twoletter abbreviations created by the united states postal service. Ap stylebook type search query into the search bar below. Jack gillespie, rowan university, purdue university writing lab and ap stylebook page 1 ap stylebook guidelines the ap style items below represent the journalistic style errors most often found in news stories.
If a report is heavily laden with oftenused special terms or names of organizations, a list of. May 07, 2009 the associated press was founded more than 150 years ago and now has thousands of employees working in more than a hundred countries for a readership that numbers in the millions. Today, with over 3,700 employees in 121 countries, the ap is the worlds single largest news organization. The best ap style cheat sheet every writer needs free. Aug 01, 2018 the associated press stylebook and briefing on media law official style guide of the associated press, a notforprofit news agency thats been around since 1846. The associated press was founded in 1848 as a cooperative effort among six new york newspapers that wished to pool resources for gathering international news. If a states name is standing alone or in conjunction with a city or town in your text, spell out the entire states name. Ap style also aims to avoid stereotypes and unintentionally offensive language. May 01, 2014 making compound words possessive, such as the attorney generals report. How do you make names that end in s possessive and would you welcome a change to ap style.
For information about when and how to use abbreviations, see the box on page 2. However, roman numerals should be avoided when discussing the super bowl 1969 super bowl, for example, rather than super bowl iii. Capitalize as formal legislative title before a name. If the bill passed, it should be cited as a statute public law unless the bill is being cited as part of a legislative history.
Ap style was developed and is maintained by the associated press, the worlds oldest news service. In this post, we will summarize all of the ap stylebook state abbreviations rules. One of the first things a student in a beginning journalism course learns about is associated press style or ap style for short. Spiralbound book, updated each spring 2019 ap stylebook. First reference similar to referencing a formal title in ap style, when referring to a member of the u.
Eight states use names other than house of representatives for their state house. The ap stylebook contains quite a few rules for both datelines and location names, and though many of them have been mentioned in past posts, ap has changed some of the rules in recent years, so we thought a refresher might be in order. Sometimes its difficult to remember which rules are ap and which rules are remnants from years of college courses. This can be particularly tricky with the titles of major works, so heres a few rules to brush up on. Capitalize chapter when used with a numeral in reference to a section of a book or legal code. Italicized words are still iffy for wire transmission ap stories, so book titles are enclosed in quote marks. This page contains a table of all 50 states, and the naming conventions used to identify their legislative bodies. Apa style is a method of citing references developed 80 years ago by the american psychological association and is designed to augment a straightforward, precision approach to academic and professional writing. If youre writing a research paper or dashing off a blog post, you can probably ignore all the.
Sep 25, 2018 most of the time the government department or agency is used as the author for an apa style government report reference. Ap is not done rocking the journalism world with style changes. There is indeed a science and art behind writing a press release. Ap style legislative titles follow specific forms that are useful to remember. Ap government 5 steps to 5 chapter 7 the legislative branch 59 terms.
Use the state names entry to find the correct abbreviation. We know journalists are busy, and it can be difficult to keep up with recent ap stylebook changes. Lowercase state and federal when used as an adjective to distinguish something from state, county, city, town, or private entities. Use legislature in lowercase for all plural references. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The package was sent to smithson, virginia, by mistake. Spell out other legislative titles in all uses and capitalize formal titles when theyre used before a name. Sp 17 ap style guide university of texas at austin. Books and magazines often italicize newspaper names as well as book titles and magazine names as part of their inhouse style. In this quick guide to state abbreviations, i will cover the differences between ap style and chicago style andjust to prolong your state of confusionwhen to use the common twoletter abbreviations created by the united states postal service if youre writing a research paper or dashing off a blog post, you can probably ignore all the exceptions and special cases and just lean on. A manual of style, grammar, usage, and formatting by william a. The information below is for citing unenacted bills see.
The book was written in the 21st century, not the second century. Pb indiana daily student style guide august 2017 august 2017 indiana daily student style guide 3 which reference when. Top 10 ap style guide 2016edits university blog service. Every day, more than a billion people read, hear or see ap news.
Colorado state university writers style guide about this style guide the colorado state university writers style guide supplements the associated press stylebook and addresses editorial questions specific to the university. Ap compiles us elections style guide associated press. Terms and definitions are from the ap stylebook or based on common usage in ap news reports. This guide is intended to facilitate consistency in written. Sixteen states use names other than state legislature to refer to the house and senate combined. Aug 15, 2019 the writers of most content creation companies usually write using a popular style guide ap, apa, chicago, mla mixed with a house style. While the five ws who, what, when, where and why are important for every story, the first you should worry about when writing a story is the where. Ap stylebook guidelines the ap style items below represent the journalistic style errors most often. Any state name may be condensed, however, to fit typographical requirements for tabular material. The latter style often involved surrogate representation, meaning a congresswoman spoke for a cross section of american women beyond the borders of her district or state. I dont know if this will help, but for chapter style, ap says. There are quite a few rules in the ap stylebook for state names and ap style state abbreviations.
If you want to know all about the ap style state abbreviations, you have been a wise soul to click on this article. In addition to the associated press stylebook hereafter called the ap stylebook, colorado state communications specialists also consult other sources, including the gregg reference manual. How to cite state codes or statutes in apa style pen and. State names are sometimes abbreviated such as in datelines or party affiliations. What follows are summaries of some of the most common style rules. Abbreviate state names of seven or more letters when used with a city name, with commas before and after the abbreviation. Okay, so new is stretching it a bit, but some writers may be unaware that in 2014 ap changed the rule regarding how state names should be written. The 2019 edition of the associated press stylebook and briefing on media law includes more than 200 new or revised entries, with chapters covering data journalism, business, fashion, food, religion and sports terms, as well as media law, news values, punctuation, social media, polls and surveys and a new chapter on health and science. All you need to know about titles in ap style gatehouse. Formal titles in ap style should be capitalized when they immediately precede one or more names. Before we begin to enlist the abbreviations, it is mandatory for one to learn and garner information about what ap is, with a brief, supplementary note on the history of the same. In ap style, the antecedent and its pronoun must agree in gender and number.
Follow these associated press guidelines for the u. The ap style as its known in the trade is quite different from the new york times style or chicago manual of style. Sixteen states use names other than state legislature to refer to. Use the following guidelines to produce clean copy, style errorfree writing with unnecessary mistakes. House majority leader eric cantor, otherwise lowercase.
This section can be used as a primer and a quick reference, not a replacement to the gpo or ap style books. House and senate for the first time in a piece of content, its best to use rep. The style czars at the associated press stylebook have taken away the humble hyphen in email for their 2011 edition, due out this summer. Jul, 2019 one of the first things a student in a beginning journalism course learns about is associated press style or ap style for short. Capitalize formal titles such as assemblyman, assemblywoman, city councilor, delegate, etc. Table of contents alphabetical guide to style and usage 1 special topics. Associated press style basics journalists resource. Top 10 ap style guide 2016edits university of texas at. Writing center quick reference associate press style guide. Sometimes individual people are also credited as having written the report. When a title stands alone or is offset from a name by commas, it should be lowercase. For the style and spelling of words not found in ap or gpo, see websters new world college dictionary. Use figures for the time of day, except for noon and midnight. Mar 14, 2015 ap style for states abbreviations march 14, 2015 a.
For ease of application, some have been divided into external and internal styles when there are differences. The office of communications uses the below writing style guide along with the associated press ap stylebook and websters dictionary as the standard for writing web content, employee communications, news releases, broadcast information, articles and other materials. Effective may 1, the ap will spell out state names in the body of. The lieutenant governor, gavin newsom, was serving in the. This follows a trend of disappearing hyphens, which the chicago manual of styles blogger, the subversive copy editor, humorously discusses here. Ap style is a standardized way of writing use it for both news writing and. The associated press was founded more than 150 years ago and now has thousands of employees working in more than a hundred countries for a readership that numbers in the millions.
Alaska, hawaii, idaho, iowa, maine, ohio, texas and utah. In the past, states were generally abbreviated in domestic articles and news stories, but they were always spelled out in international content. Dec 20, 2018 according to ap style, roman numerals should be used in the personal sequences of people and animals world war i as well as some legislative acts title ix. The names of eight states are never abbreviated in datelines or text. See also ap style assembly, ap style general assembly, ap style. Some common terms and their abbreviations are listed separately and alphabetically in this style guide. Style and the new york public library writers guide to style and usage. So again, the names on the cover or title page go in the reference, for. The associated press style is the goto style for journalism and news writing. Ap style state abbreviations for press release dateline follow these associated press guidelines for the u. Ap stylebook, also known by its full name the associated press stylebook and briefing on media law, is an english grammar style and usage guide created by american journalists working for or connected with the associated press to standardize mass communication.1140 1445 493 108 275 351 231 474 1127 1453 1049 1207 67 181 323 333 327 640 1238 1070 159 674 447 863 1133 875 1530 1202 1304 1395 76 1094 1527 1106 816 1058 1325 455 1074 385 1251